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Free Printable Ecomap Templates [Word, PDF] Social Workers

    Social workers use ecomaps to be able to find the connection between the individual and their environment, especially when a client/patient is suffering from some psychological problems.

    An ecomap is a useful tool with different areas and sectors where a social worker can keep track of those surfaces and places where people interact with others or with other objects in their environment.

    Ecomap Templates

    Ecomap Templates are visual tools used to represent the relationships and connections between individuals, families, or communities and their social environments. Ecomaps provide a comprehensive and holistic view of an individual’s support network, including family members, friends, organizations, institutions, and other significant individuals or entities that play a role in their lives.

    Ecomap Templates can be customized based on the specific context or purpose of the assessment. They can be designed as visual diagrams using shapes, lines, and labels or created using digital tools or software. Ecomaps are commonly used in social work, counseling, community development, and other fields to assess and understand an individual’s social support system and identify areas for intervention or support. These templates serve as a valuable tool for mapping relationships, promoting social connectivity, and enhancing the understanding of an individual’s social environment.

    What is an ecomap?


    In social work, there are a lot of documents that social workers are required to create to accurately and comprehensively analyze a situation or case. One of those documents is an ecomap, a graphic visualization tool that visually represents the relationships between individuals and their environments. The concept of the ecomap was first developed by Dr. Jeffery Channing in 1978 and has since become a standard practice in the field of social work. To prepare for taking up cases as part of any services for families and/or individuals, social workers must be equipped with skills to determine what various variables may have contributed to the conditions of said family or individual (and also what type of help they may need).

    How to use an ecomap?

    An ecomap is a wonderful tool to use in your practice as a social worker. The ecomap is a visual representation of the client’s environment and can assess risk and protective factors, develop intervention plans, and monitor progress over time. It allows you to link your clients’ experiences with the physical, social, economic, and environmental contexts in which they live.

    The ecomap is a map that shows where people live, work, play and go to school. It also shows their connections to the community, including schools, parks, grocery stores, etc. This can help assess risk factors and protective factors for an individual or family because it allows you to see how these factors impact each other and how they might impact your clients’ lives. You can use this information when developing interventions for your clients.

    For example, You might notice that one client lives near a park but does not have access to transportation, so they cannot get there quickly. This could be a protective factor for another client who does not have access to medications but lives near a pharmacy so they can get their meds when needed without waiting too long before they lose their prescriptions (or worse).

    The purpose of using an ecomap

    • To help you identify problems or issues within the family’s home environment that may affect the child’s safety or well-being;
    • To help you identify strengths within the family’s home environment that may support positive outcomes for the child;
    • To support your assessment process by highlighting areas for exploration during interviews with parents or guardians;
    • To provide evidence for assessments relating to children needing special measures (section 20 of Children Act 1989) and where parental capacity is an issue.

    What other information can you find on an ecomap?

    Social workers use the ecomap to identify the main problems that affect a client’s life. They also use it to document their progress in helping clients solve those problems.

    The following are some of the topics you’ll find in an ecomap:

    Housing: Your place of residence, whether you own it or rent it, what your monthly rent is and how much you pay in utilities.

    Transportation: How you get around, including your car or public transportation costs. Transportation can include gas money, maintenance, and repairs if they’re not paid by insurance.

    Food: How much food you buy each month and how much of it is healthy versus junk food. Also includes costs related to dining out, such as fast food restaurants or restaurants that offer takeout service.

    Medical expenses: Health care costs such as co-pays or deductibles for doctor visits and prescription drugs; also includes dental care costs (from both doctors and dentists).

    Hobbies: Anything that isn’t essential to living but adds enjoyment to life (such as going out for dinner).

    Debt payments: Payments made toward credit cards and other loans.

    How to Make an Ecomap

    Making your own ecomap template as a social worker is easy and doesn’t require any special skills. In fact, it’s a great way to add value to your services and help your clients get the most out of the ecomap process.

    If you’re not sure how to do this, here are some quick tips:

    The following are the steps that you have to take when creating a template for your ecomap:

    1. First, you must ensure that the right software is installed on your computer. The best ones are Microsoft Word or OpenOffice Writer. If you don’t have these programs, then get them off the Internet and install them on your computer.
    2. Once you have installed the software, start writing down all of your ideas on what it is that you want to write about in your ecomap. You should also note the information you want to include in each section of your ecomap template (this will be discussed later).
    3. After writing down all of your ideas, start by choosing one topic that interests you most and write about it first. This will help get things rolling for you so that it becomes easier for you later on when writing about other topics too!
    4. When writing about each topic, make sure that everything is written clearly so that it can be understood by anyone who reads it! This means avoiding slang words or phrases that others may not easily understand
    5. If you’re using a template from us, then just type in your client’s name at the top of each section and fill in the rest accordingly. If not, just draw boxes for each section (for example, home, school, neighborhood) and add text inside each one as needed using basic formatting tools like bolding and italics.


    It is known that the interpretation of functions, their meaning, and the time spent on them is what differs between therapists. Ecomaps are used in a client-centered way, with a focus on areas and functions and with a curious attitude towards recognizing things that are present in an ecomap or even functions that were previously not noticed or noticed only in a very vague way. However, since ecomaps may vary significantly from other maps, there must be a personal, detailed orientation between therapists and patients/clients.


    How do I create an ecomap?

    Start by drawing a basic diagram with the client name at the center. Add circles radiating outward for systems they interact with like family, friends, coworkers. Connect lines between the client and systems to represent relationships. Use symbols like lines, arrows and shapes to depict strength, flow and quality of connections. Add details inside the shapes. Update periodically to track changes.

    How is ecomap different from genogram?

    Genograms map family history and hereditary patterns while ecomaps illustrate current systems surrounding an individual and how they interact. Genograms focus on genetic lineage and multi-generational relationships. Ecomaps emphasize present connections and environment.

    What is an ecomap for individuals?

    For individuals, an ecomap provides a visual analysis of the primary personal, social and institutional systems and relationships in someone’s life. It highlights connections to key supports like friends and community while also revealing stressors or areas of isolation. This tool facilitates discussion around nurturing beneficial relationships and resources that empower the individual.

    How often should an ecomap be updated?

    It’s recommended to update an ecomap at least once a year or whenever there is a major change in an individual’s life circumstances. Mapping out the connections after life events can reveal impact on relationships and supports. Ongoing minor changes can be tracked every 6 months.

    What kinds of relationships can be shown on an ecomap?

    An ecomap can depict formal and informal connections ranging from family, friends, peers, coworkers, and community contacts. It captures linkages to groups, institutions and services utilized. Both positive and stressful bonds can be mapped to get a full picture. The depth, reciprocity and quality of any relationship can be represented.

    Can ecomaps be used for families as well as individuals?

    Yes, ecomaps are highly effective for assessing family dynamics and systems of support. The family unit is placed at the center, then surrounding systems like school, work, extended family are added. This identifies missing or conflicted relationships affecting family function and areas to enhance. Individual family members can be highlighted within the central unit to show their roles and connections.

    What can be included in an ecomap?

    • Family members with labels for quality of relationship
    • Friends and peers indicating closeness

    -Coworkers, supervisors and key contacts

    • Healthcare providers like therapists and doctors
    • Community groups and places for social involvement
    • Services utilized like school, church, government aid
    • Emotional supports and stressors
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    Betina Jessen

    Betina Jessen

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