Mastering type matchups is key to becoming a top Pokemon trainer. The diverse cast of over 800 Pokemon each have assigned types that determine their strengths, weaknesses, and battle effectiveness. Our Pokemon type chart provides an illustrated cheat sheet detailing type relationships and vulnerabilities for all 18 Pokemon types.
This guide visualizes type effectiveness multipliers and susceptibilities in one spot for quick reference during team building and battles. Whether playing video games or the trading card game, planning a balanced team covering each other’s weaknesses is made easy. Carry this chart for on-the-go type analysis. For newcomers or veterans alike, this comprehensive type matchup chart is a must-have advantage. With informed type mastery, you can counter opponents’ attacks while landing super effective moves of your own.
Table of Contents
Printable Pokemon Type Charts
A Pokemon type chart lists the strength and weakness relationships between different types of Pokemon. It provides an at-a-glance reference for type effectiveness in battles. A Pokemon type chart template structures this complex data.
The chart arrays the 18 Pokemon types, comparing each against the others. Colored squares indicate type advantage (green), disadvantage (red) or neutrality (blank). For example, Fire is strong against Grass but weak against Water. The template clearly maps these interconnected relationships.
The Pokemon type chart is an essential battle aid for seasoned trainers and novices alike. The standardized template quickly conveys type strengths, weaknesses and immunities. This allows strategic team selection, move matching and prediction of damage inflicted. An organized type chart is key to competitive battling by enabling quick identification of favorable matchups.
The Basics of Pokémon Types
Understanding Pokémon types is crucial for success in any Pokémon game or competitive battling. The concept of types introduces a rock-paper-scissors dynamic, where one type can be strong against another but weak against a third.
Primary Types of Pokémon
There are 18 primary types of Pokémon. These are:
Some Pokémon have two types, called dual-types. For example, Charizard is a Fire/Flying type, and Lucario is a Fighting/Steel type. Dual-typing can make a Pokémon more versatile but can also introduce additional weaknesses.
Different types have strengths and weaknesses relative to one another. Here is a simplified breakdown of some of these relationships:
- Fire is strong against Grass, Ice, Bug, and Steel but weak against Water, Rock, and Fire.
- Water is strong against Fire, Ground, and Rock but weak against Water, Electric, and Grass.
- Grass is strong against Water, Ground, and Rock but weak against Fire, Grass, Poison, Flying, and Bug.
- Electric is strong against Water and Flying but weak against Electric, Ground.
…and so on.
STAB (Same Type Attack Bonus)
If a Pokémon uses a move that is the same type as itself, the move’s power gets a 50% bonus. For example, a Fire-type Pokémon using a Fire-type move will deal more damage than a non-Fire type using the same Fire-type move.
Some types are entirely immune to others. For example:
- Ghost types are immune to Normal and Fighting moves.
- Ground types are immune to Electric moves.
- Flying types are immune to Ground moves.
Status Moves and Types
Not all moves deal damage based on types. Status moves affect Pokémon in various ways, such as putting them to sleep or poisoning them, and these often don’t factor in type effectiveness.
When a move is “super effective,” it does double the damage (2x multiplier). When it is “not very effective,” it deals half damage (0.5x multiplier). When a move doesn’t affect the opponent at all, it’s usually due to an immunity.
Complexity in Dual-Types
When a Pokémon has two types, you must consider both for type effectiveness. For example, a Water/Ground Pokémon like Swampert is normally weak to Grass-type moves, but the Ground type’s additional vulnerability makes it a 4x weakness.
Understanding type match-ups is crucial in competitive Pokémon battling. Many players use this knowledge to predict opponent moves and to choose the best Pokémon to counter them.
When playing through the main storyline in any Pokémon game, type effectiveness is also crucial. Many gym leaders or trials focus on a specific type, so having Pokémon that can counter those types is often beneficial.
A Brief Overview of the Pokémon Type Chart
The Pokémon Type Chart is an essential tool for both casual and competitive players of the Pokémon series. This chart acts as a matrix that outlines how each type interacts with another. It provides crucial information on what types are effective, ineffective, or neutral against other types. If you’ve ever heard someone say a move was “super effective” or “not very effective,” they were likely referencing the interactions defined in the Pokémon Type Chart.
The chart simplifies the intricate rock-paper-scissors mechanism that adds depth and complexity to Pokémon battles. It plays an integral role in shaping your strategy, from choosing the right Pokémon in your team to selecting the most effective moves during a battle.
The Pokémon Type Chart changes slightly between generations of Pokémon games due to the introduction of new types or changes in the type effectiveness. For example, the Dark and Steel types were introduced in the second generation (Gold/Silver/Crystal), and the Fairy type was introduced in the sixth generation (X/Y), each altering the type chart to various degrees.
In the chart, rows often represent the attacking type, and columns signify the defending type. The intersection provides the multiplier for the effectiveness of the attack. These multipliers can be:
- 0x: No Effect (Immunity)
- 0.5x: Not Very Effective
- 1x: Neutral
- 2x: Super Effective
- 4x: Extremely Effective (only possible with dual-type Pokémon showing double vulnerability)
How to Read the Chart?
Reading the Pokémon Type Chart may seem daunting initially, but it becomes intuitive with practice. The chart is usually displayed as a grid, with each cell at the intersection of a row and a column indicating how effective an attack of the row’s type will be against a Pokémon of the column’s type. Here’s how to read it:
Identifying Attacking and Defending Types
- Rows: Find the row corresponding to the attacking type—that is, the type of the move you’re planning to use.
- Columns: Locate the column for the defending type—that is, the type(s) of the Pokémon you are attacking.
- 0x Multiplier (No Effect): This means the move won’t affect the defending Pokémon at all. For example, Ghost-type moves have no effect on Normal-type Pokémon.
- 0.5x Multiplier (Not Very Effective): The move will do only half its regular damage. For instance, using a Fire-type move against a Water-type Pokémon is not very effective.
- 1x Multiplier (Neutral): The move will do standard damage, without any bonuses or penalties. For example, a Normal-type move against a Bug-type Pokémon is neutral.
- 2x Multiplier (Super Effective): The move will do double its regular damage. For example, Electric-type moves are super effective against Water-type Pokémon.
- 4x Multiplier (Extremely Effective): This is only applicable for dual-type Pokémon who have a double weakness. The move will do four times its normal damage. For example, a Ground-type move against a Fire/Electric Pokémon like Rotom-Heat is extremely effective.
Reading for Dual-Type Pokémon
Things get more complex but also more interesting when you’re dealing with dual-type Pokémon. When a Pokémon has two types, you must consider the multipliers for both. You multiply the effectiveness of one type by the effectiveness of the other to get the final multiplier.
For example, if you’re using a Grass-type move against a Water/Ground Pokémon:
- Grass is 2x effective against Water.
- Grass is also 2x effective against Ground.
Multiply the two: 2x * 2x = 4x effectiveness.
Using the Chart in Real-Time
While playing the game, it’s common to have the type chart accessible for quick reference. However, as you get more familiar with it, you’ll start remembering key interactions that are beneficial for your specific team or common matchups. Over time, you may find that you need to refer to the chart less frequently.
Understanding the Pokémon Type Chart is paramount in competitive Pokémon battling. Here, every decision counts, and a miscalculation or oversight regarding type effectiveness can cost you the match. Advanced players not only memorize the chart but also understand the meta implications—how popular types in the current competitive scene might shift the value of other, less commonly used types.
Individual Type Analysis
Understanding each Pokémon type’s attributes, strengths, and weaknesses is crucial for becoming a proficient trainer. Below is a detailed analysis of each type to offer you a comprehensive understanding of their roles and nuances in battles.
- Strengths: Normal moves are only resisted by Rock and Steel types.
- Weaknesses: Normal moves are completely ineffective against Ghost types.
- Defensive Properties: Normal Pokémon are immune to Ghost-type attacks but weak to Fighting.
- Role in Battles: Generally used for their broad movepool and often have high HP or Speed stats.
- Strengths: Effective against Grass, Ice, Bug, and Steel types.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fire, Water, Rock, and Dragon.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Water, Rock, and Ground but resists Fire, Grass, Ice, Bug, Steel, and Fairy.
- Role in Battles: Commonly used to deal high damage, often have abilities that work well with their type, like Blaze and Flash Fire.
- Strengths: Effective against Fire, Ground, and Rock types.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Water, Grass, and Dragon types.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Electric and Grass but resists Fire, Water, Ice, and Steel.
- Role in Battles: Versatile with typically balanced stats; can fill various roles including attacker, defender, and supporter.
- Strengths: Effective against Water and Flying types.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Electric, Ground, Grass, and Dragon.
- Defensive Properties: Only weak to Ground but resists Electric, Flying, and Steel.
- Role in Battles: Often fast and specialized in Special Attacks, many have abilities that complement their type like Volt Absorb or Lightning Rod.
- Strengths: Effective against Water, Ground, and Rock types.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fire, Grass, Poison, Flying, Bug, Dragon, and Steel.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Fire, Ice, Poison, Flying, and Bug but resists Water, Electric, Grass, and Ground.
- Role in Battles: Often used as utility Pokémon, providing status moves like Sleep Powder or Leech Seed.
- Strengths: Effective against Grass, Ground, Flying, and Dragon.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fire, Water, Ice, and Steel.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Fire, Fighting, Rock, and Steel.
- Role in Battles: Often used as specialized attackers to counter specific types, particularly Dragon.
- Strengths: Effective against Normal, Ice, Rock, Dark, and Steel.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Poison, Flying, Psychic, Bug, and Fairy.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Flying, Psychic, and Fairy but resists Bug, Rock, and Dark.
- Role in Battles: Commonly used to break through defensive types like Rock and Steel.
- Strengths: Effective against Grass and Fairy.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Poison, Ground, Rock, Ghost, and Steel.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Ground and Psychic but resists Grass, Fighting, Poison, Bug, and Fairy.
- Role in Battles: Often used as utility Pokémon for inflicting status conditions.
- Strengths: Effective against Fire, Electric, Poison, Rock, and Steel.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Grass, Bug, and Flying.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Water, Ice, and Grass but resists Poison, Rock, and Electric (immune).
- Role in Battles: Typically used as physical attackers, often have high Defense stats.
- Strengths: Effective against Grass, Fighting, and Bug.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Electric, Rock, and Steel.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Electric, Ice, and Rock but resists Grass, Fighting, Bug, and Ground (immune).
- Role in Battles: Often paired with another type, used for their high Speed and access to high-priority moves.
- Strengths: Effective against Fighting and Poison.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Psychic, Steel, and Dark (immune).
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Bug, Ghost, and Dark but resists Fighting and Psychic.
- Role in Battles: Specialized attackers or supporters, often have high Special Attack or Special Defense stats.
- Strengths: Effective against Grass, Psychic, and Dark.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fire, Fighting, Flying, Ghost, Steel, and Fairy.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Fire, Flying, and Rock but resists Grass, Fighting, and Ground.
- Role in Battles: Often used for their utility moves, like U-turn, or to counter Psychic types.
- Strengths: Effective against Fire, Ice, Flying, and Bug.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fighting, Ground, and Steel.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Water, Grass, Fighting, Ground, and Steel but resists Normal, Fire, Poison, and Flying.
- Role in Battles: Primarily used as physical attackers or defenders, often have abilities like Sturdy or Solid Rock.
- Strengths: Effective against Psychic and Ghost.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Dark.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Ghost and Dark but resists Poison and Bug and is immune to Normal and Fighting.
- Role in Battles: Used for their unique abilities to bypass defenses or normal immunities, often used as special attackers or utility Pokémon.
- Strengths: Effective against Dragon.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Steel and Fairy (immune).
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Ice, Dragon, and Fairy but resists Fire, Water, Grass, and Electric.
- Role in Battles: Often used as powerhouses with balanced stats, vulnerable to Fairy types.
- Strengths: Effective against Psychic and Ghost.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fighting, Dark, and Fairy.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Fighting, Bug, and Fairy but resists Ghost and Dark and is immune to Psychic.
- Role in Battles: Used for their offensive and disruptive capabilities, often have high Attack or Special Attack stats.
- Strengths: Effective against Ice, Rock, and Fairy.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fire, Water, Electric, and Steel.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Fire, Fighting, and Ground but resists Normal, Grass, Ice, Flying, Psychic, Bug, Rock, Dragon, Steel, and Fairy.
- Role in Battles: Mainly used as defensive Pokémon due to their numerous resistances.
- Strengths: Effective against Fighting, Dragon, and Dark.
- Weaknesses: Ineffective against Fire, Poison, and Steel.
- Defensive Properties: Weak to Poison and Steel but resists Fighting, Bug, Dark, and Dragon (immune).
- Role in Battles: Used for their versatility and ability to counter Dragon, Fighting, and Dark types, often employed as supporters or special attackers.
In assembling the ideal Pokemon team, you need not only diverse types but also complementary type combinations that shore up vulnerabilities. Many Pokemon possess a secondary elemental type that affects strengths and weaknesses. There are nearly 300 potential type combinations across all Pokemon spanning single, double, and even triple typings.
Here are some notable dual-type combinations to consider:
Dual-Types in Pokémon
In the Pokémon series, dual-typing refers to a Pokémon having two elemental types instead of just one. This is a defining feature that adds depth and complexity to the Pokémon battle system. Each type comes with its own set of resistances, weaknesses, and immunities, and when a Pokémon has dual types, these factors combine in unique ways to influence battle outcomes.
For example, a Water/Flying Pokémon like Gyarados has a devastating 4x weakness to Electric moves due to both its Water and Flying types being weak to Electric. However, it also gains a resistance to Fighting, Bug, and other types, thanks to the combination of its dual types. Dual-types make it possible for players to construct diverse and strategic teams that can adapt to various challenges.
Common and Rare Combinations
Type combinations in Pokémon are not uniformly distributed; some are more common than others. Grass/Poison, Water/Ground, and Psychic/Fairy are examples of relatively common dual-types found across multiple generations of Pokémon. These combinations often offer balanced advantages, such as Ground’s immunity to Electric-type moves compensating for Water’s typical weakness to Electric.
On the other hand, some combinations are exceedingly rare, like Ice/Fire, Electric/Fighting, or Normal/Ghost. These rare combinations can make Pokémon with those typings particularly intriguing to players, but they may also come with unique vulnerabilities or missed opportunities for resistances. The rarity of these combinations often adds an element of novelty and strategy when encountered in battle.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Dual-Types
The incorporation of dual-types in Pokémon dramatically amplifies the potential strengths and weaknesses of a Pokémon. On the positive side, dual-types often gain a wider array of resistances or even immunities. For instance, a Steel/Fairy Pokémon like Magearna resists a plethora of types, including Dark, Dragon, and Grass, making it a versatile choice for any team. However, dual-types can also inherit compounded weaknesses.
As mentioned earlier, Gyarados has a 4x weakness to Electric moves. Similarly, a Grass/Ice Pokémon like Abomasnow is doubly weak against Fire moves. These significant vulnerabilities can make dual-typed Pokémon a liability if not carefully managed. Nonetheless, the strategic layer that dual-types add to Pokémon battles makes them a cherished aspect of the game, encouraging players to think critically about team composition and battle tactics.
Type Matchup Strategies
Succeeding in Pokemon battles requires smart type matchup planning to inflict maximum damage while mitigating weaknesses. Here are some key type-based battle strategies:
Offense vs. Defense
Type matchup strategies in Pokémon battles often revolve around the dichotomy of offense and defense. On the offensive side, players aim to exploit the elemental weaknesses of their opponent’s Pokémon. For instance, using a Water-type move against a Fire-type Pokémon is likely to result in a super-effective hit, dealing more damage.
On the defensive end, the goal is to predict incoming moves and switch to a Pokémon that resists or is immune to that type. For example, if you anticipate an Electric-type attack, switching to a Ground-type Pokémon can nullify the attack completely. Players frequently have to balance offense and defense throughout a battle, deciding when to take risks for high-damage moves and when to play it safe with defensive swaps and moves like Protect or Substitute.
Synergy in Team Building
Building a Pokémon team with good synergy involves selecting Pokémon whose types complement each other well. Synergy in team-building aims to cover a wide range of type resistances and capabilities, enabling you to adapt to various situations. For instance, pairing a Water-type Pokémon with a Fire-type can be beneficial because Water-types can cover Fire’s weakness to Water moves, while the Fire-type can handle Grass-types that give Water-types a hard time.
Some teams employ “core” sets of two or three Pokémon whose types work exceptionally well together. For example, the Dragon/Steel/Fairy core has been popular for its mutual coverage: Fairy-types cover Dragon’s Dragon weakness, Steel-types can handle Fairy weaknesses, and Dragon-types can deal with some of the types that give Steel trouble. By thinking carefully about how the types interact, players can set up favorable matchups and cover for each other’s vulnerabilities, creating a more resilient and versatile team overall.
Predicting Opponent Moves
Anticipating your opponent’s moves is a crucial aspect of mastering type matchups. Skilled players often try to predict incoming attacks and switch to a Pokémon that resists or is immune to that move. This level of prediction can turn the tide in battles, transforming a disadvantageous situation into an advantageous one. For instance, if you predict an opponent will use a Ground-type move, switching to a Flying-type Pokémon can not only negate the attack but also put you in an offensive position for the next turn.
Prediction can also involve baiting opponents into making a move and then exploiting it. For example, you might send out a Pokémon with a known 4x weakness to bait an opponent into using a specific move, only to switch to a Pokémon that resists or is immune to that move. Predicting opponent moves is a high-risk, high-reward strategy; if you misjudge the situation, you could end up putting yourself at a disadvantage. However, successful predictions can disrupt your opponent’s strategy and pave the way for victory.
Gaining competency with Pokemon type matchups and their complex interplay of strengths and weaknesses allows players to excel as Pokemon trainers.As we’ve explored, having a comprehensive type chart is a invaluable reference for both new and experienced Pokemon trainers. Now that you understand the importance of knowing type matchups, we’ve created a detailed and colorful Pokemon type chart available as a free PDF download. This all-encompassing chart outlines the effectiveness of every type against one another with simple visual indicators. Whether you’re battling the Elite Four or catching them all, this Pokemon type chart PDF will help trainers develop winning strategies and make the most of their Pokemons’ unique type properties. Download this complete type matchup chart and you’ll have all the knowledge you need to take down any Pokemon gym.
How do resistances work with dual-typed Pokémon?
When a Pokémon has dual types, the resistances and weaknesses of both types combine multiplicatively. For example, a Steel/Fairy Pokémon like Magearna is doubly resistant to Dark-type moves because Steel has a 0.5x resistance and Fairy also has a 0.5x resistance, making it a 0.25x resistance when combined.
How important are type matchups in competitive battling?
Type matchups are crucial in competitive Pokémon battling. Understanding the type chart and knowing how to exploit type advantages can be the difference between victory and defeat. Skilled players use the type chart to predict opponent moves, decide which Pokémon to switch in, and select the most effective moves during battle.
Are there any moves that ignore type matchups?
Yes, some moves ignore type matchups. For example, the move “Freeze-Dry” is super effective against Water-types, even though Ice moves are normally not very effective against Water. Similarly, the move “Foul Play” uses the opponent’s Attack stat to calculate damage, ignoring the user’s type.
Can abilities affect type matchups?
Yes, some abilities can affect type matchups. For instance, the ability “Levitate” grants immunity to Ground-type moves, and the ability “Dry Skin” makes a Pokémon more vulnerable to Fire-type moves while giving it a resistance to Water-type moves.
What are the newest types introduced in Pokémon?
The Fairy type is the newest, introduced in the 6th Generation (X and Y). It was added to balance the type chart, as it is strong against Dragon, Dark, and Fighting types, which were considered overpowered in previous generations.
How do I memorize the Pokémon Type Chart?
Memorizing the Pokémon Type Chart takes time and practice. Many players find it helpful to study the chart in sections, focusing on the interactions between a few types at a time. Some also use mnemonics or flashcards to help remember type matchups. Ultimately, the best way to learn is through experience, by actively using the type chart in battles and team building.