A case study is a report that deals with an event or an issue. It includes the details of the occurrence, which helps the stakeholders come up with solutions and learn from them. The case study format provides ample opportunities and options to include extensive information. A report is simply a document that covers a particular situation. Case studies are different in their ways and provide references for various issues multiple businesses face worldwide.
What is a Case Study?
A case study can be defined as a thought process that is put forward to solve the problems that businesses face or are likely to encounter in real life. Individually or in groups, It is the whole of work to analyze and improve life and real business situations with the help of data in constructible reality. At the same time, it can be expressed as a competitive process in which participants try to obtain possible solutions to problems by using various techniques they have seen throughout their education life and their analytical thinking skills.
Especially in recruitment, corporate companies generally use the Case Study method when choosing their teammates.
Case Study Format and Structure
Understanding the case study format correctly is crucial for both professors and students. The person giving such an assignment should ensure that the student does not have to use any additional resources. Students should know that a well-written case study contains all the data and that the reader does not need to turn to another source for information.
Regardless of whether you are using a case study template or not, your analysis report needs to be in a particular structural order. A case study should contain eight chapters arranged in the following format. These sections are as follows:
Executive Summary: Also known as a summary. It serves as an introduction to case study analysis. The University of Wollongong provides examples of good and bad executive summaries. You can check it out here.
In the executive summary, you must:
- Explain what the purpose of the current case study is;
- Create a summary about the company;
- Write briefly the problems found in the sample case study;
- Discuss the theory you will use in your analysis;
- Present the main points of the study and the assumptions made during the analysis.
- Findings: This is the section where you present the problems you discovered while analyzing the case study in more detail. In this section, you should:
- Present each problem you choose;
- Demonstrate that you have included each issue by finding supporting evidence from the case study analysis and discussing the relevant theory and what you learned from your course content;
- Divide the chapter (and subsequent chapters) into subheadings, one for each of the chosen problems.
- Discussion: This is the section where you summarize each issue or problem, presenting your argument for each chosen solution. Here’s what you’ll do:
- Provide a summary of each question you have identified;
- Write down plausible solutions for each of the problems, keeping in mind that each issue will have more than one possible solution;
- Write down the pros and cons of each solution in a practical way.
- Results: This is the section with a summary of your findings and discussion.
- Recommendation: This is your analysis where you make recommendations based on the results of your research. Here’s what you need to do:
- Identify the most appropriate solution for each of the problems you have identified;
- Explain why you chose this solution and how it would solve the problem effectively;
- Be persuasive as you write this section;
- Be sure to combine what you learned throughout the lesson with theory to support your suggestions.
- Application: In this section, you should provide information on how to implement the solutions you suggested. Here’s what you need to do, in order:
- Describe what needs to be done, who needs to act;
- Indicate when the solution should be carried out;
If relevant, include an estimate of the cost of implementing your solution, both financially and in terms of time management.
What are the benefits of a case study?
In this way, you can have the opportunity to choose the most suitable job for you. You will not face a problem such as making mistakes in your chosen job. Thanks to the case analysis you will do, you can improve your problem-solving ability. At the same time, you can improve yourself on these issues by reaching the result and developing alternatives. It is possible to see many more benefits in your normal life.
Considering the corporate company-based, it can be ensured that all the company processes are adapted to the case analysis so that it can achieve successful results both in its work and in its work on the internet. Correct selection of the target audience, finalization of the products suitable for the target audience, and correct methods can be developed in sales and gaining new customers.
At the same time, mistakes and mistakes made in commercial activities or activities in the service sector can be easily detected thanks to these methods, and smoother and error-free transactions and services can be maintained. With the use of these methods, success can be achieved as it is aimed to continue the applications more successfully.
A case study is generally preferred in the stages of internet and design. In this way, it is ensured that the right decision is made on many issues such as what kind of website and which features to choose. Thanks to the right decisions and the right designs, complete functions, and desired features are brought to the website in line with the company’s goals. Thus, a stable direction can be determined in reaching the targets.
Sony’s Gaijin CEO Reorganizing the Company
In this case study, students were asked to analyze what factors and forces influenced this change in order to change this organization towards centralization; This is mainly because many careless employees take advantage because top management makes poor decisions. The case study is used to analyze an organizational design and how employees can manage it because employees have a significant influence on the performance of the company.
The Collapse of Companies such as ORKUT and NOKIA
This case study investigates the reasons behind the collapse of companies such as ORKUT (Social Network) and Nokia (Telecommunication). Why has ORKUT ceased to be a social website? Or why did Nokia lose potential customers in the market? The answers to these questions are analyzed by case study. It is essential to know why NOKIA or ORKUT has failed and what you can learn from it.
The reason for NOKIA’s downfall was its continued stagnation as technology developed day by day, and many competitors tailored their software to customers’ needs. They started to produce their mobile phones with Microsoft Office software, ignoring the future needs of their customers. NOKIA ignored what customers expect from Android phones. Thus, rival companies such as Apple differentiated themselves by adding innovative software such as IOS to smartphones such as iPhone. As a result, companies that met the customer’s needs with new technologies continued to rise in the market. On the other hand, NOKIA disappeared over time and left its market share to rival companies.